On October the 27th 2018, during Sabbath worship services at the Tree of Life Synagogue in Pittsburgh, a gunman entered the premises and opened fire indiscriminately at the congregation. In total eleven worshippers were killed. Aside from the tragic loss of life and heartbreak that will follow, the Jewish community is once again left to ponder its place as a victim of this most pernicious form of hatred – antisemitism. The shooters motivations were clear, as he entered the synagogue he declared “all Jews must die”. Such vile statements have unfortunately become part and parcel of Jewish history, and indeed present-day Jewish life.